What does the European Parliament do?

The European Parliament is the institution that represents the citizens of the Member States in the European Union (EU) and is made up of Members of the European Parliament (MEP). 

The EP has three main functions:

  1. A Legislative function: They pass EU laws, together with the Council of the EU, based on European Commission proposals as well as deciding on international agreements and enlargements.
  2. A Supervisory function: The Parliament has democratic scrutiny of all EU institutions. They have the authority to elect the Commission President and to approve the Commission as a body.
  3. A Budgetary function: They establish the EU budget, together with the Council and approve the EU’s long term ‘Multi-annual Financial Framework’

What Does an MEP Do?

  • A total of 751  MEPs currently represent some 500 million people from 28 Member States. Ireland currently has 11 MEPs representing Irish citizens cities and regions.
  • Your MEPs are your elected representatives in the EU and they represent your interests and those of your city or region in Europe.
  • They listen to people with local and national concerns, interest groups and businesses. They can question and lobby the Commission and the Council of Ministers.

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